MySQL8.0登录提示caching_sha2_password问题解决方法

mysql8 mysql · systemofdown · 于 7个月前 发布 · 486 次阅读

背景

MySQL8.0以后修改了默认密码验证插件,在连接的时候会出现问题

Authentication plugin 'caching_sha2_password' cannot be loaded: dlopen(/usr/local/mysql/lib/plugin/caching_sha2_password.so, 2): image not found

mysqli_real_connect(): The server requested authentication method unknown to the client [caching_sha2_password]

mysqli_real_connect(): (HY000/2054): The server requested authentication method unknown to the client

MySQL官方说明

解决方法1(docker)

适用场景

  1. 第一次构建容器/安装
  2. 已安装完成后新增用户

配置

配置 mysql.cnf 配置默认身份验证插件

[mysqld]
default_authentication_plugin = mysql_native_password

验证是否生效

使用CLI进入MySQL

$ mysql -u root -p

mysql> use mysql;
Reading table information for completion of table and column names
You can turn off this feature to get a quicker startup with -A

Database changed
mysql> SELECT Host, User, plugin from user;
+-----------+------------------+-----------------------+
| Host      | User             | plugin                |
+-----------+------------------+-----------------------+
| %         | root             | mysql_native_password |
| localhost | mysql.infoschema | caching_sha2_password |
| localhost | mysql.session    | caching_sha2_password |
| localhost | mysql.sys        | caching_sha2_password |
| localhost | root             | mysql_native_password |
+-----------+------------------+-----------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

root用户的身份验证器插件已经变为:mysql_native_password

解决方法2

适用场景

MySQL 已成功安装完成后 查看身份验证类型

mysql> use mysql;
Database changed

mysql> SELECT Host, User, plugin from user;
+-----------+------------------+-----------------------+
| Host      | User             | plugin                |
+-----------+------------------+-----------------------+
| %         | root             | caching_sha2_password |
| localhost | mysql.infoschema | caching_sha2_password |
| localhost | mysql.session    | caching_sha2_password |
| localhost | mysql.sys        | caching_sha2_password |
| localhost | root             | caching_sha2_password |
+-----------+------------------+-----------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

root 用户的验证器插件为 caching_sha2_password

修改身份验证类型(修改密码)

mysql> ALTER USER 'root'@'%' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY '123456';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

mysql> ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password BY '123456';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

使生效

mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

验证是否生效

mysql> SELECT Host, User, plugin from user;
+-----------+------------------+-----------------------+
| Host      | User             | plugin                |
+-----------+------------------+-----------------------+
| %         | root             | mysql_native_password |
| localhost | mysql.infoschema | caching_sha2_password |
| localhost | mysql.session    | caching_sha2_password |
| localhost | mysql.sys        | caching_sha2_password |
| localhost | root             | mysql_native_password |
+-----------+------------------+-----------------------+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)

本文由 systemofdown 创作,采用 知识共享署名 3.0 中国大陆许可协议 进行许可。 可自由转载、引用,但需署名作者且注明文章出处。

共收到 0 条回复
没有找到数据。
添加回复 (需要登录)
需要 登录 后方可回复, 如果你还没有账号请点击这里 注册